Organic fruit juices and nectars must comply with EU organic legislation.
Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 establishes the legal framework for all levels of production, distribution, control and labelling of organic products which may be offered and traded in the EU. It determines the continued development of organic production through the provision of clearly defined goals and principles.
The following Commission Regulations have been adopted thus far:
- Commission Regulation (EC) No. 889/2008 of 5 September 2008 with detailed rules on production, labelling and control including its first amendment on production rules for organic yeast.
- Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1235/2008 of 8 December 2008 with detailed rules concerning import of organic products from third countries.
- Commission Regulation (EU) No 271/2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 889/2008 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007, as regards the organic production logo of the European Union
In Commission Regulation (EC) No. 889/2008 all stages of plant and animal production are regulated, from the cultivation of land and keeping of animals to the processing and distribution of organic foods and their control. They go into great technical detail and are, for the most part, an extension of the original organic Regulation, except where this was regulated differently in the Council Regulation.
In addition, producers of packaged organic food must use the EU organic logo as of 1 July 2010. The use of the logo on organic foods from third countries, however, is optional. When the EU organic logo is used, the place of production of the agricultural ingredients must be indicated.
The distribution of organic products from third countries is only permitted on the internal market when they are produced and controlled under the same or equivalent conditions. The procedure for import licences will in future be replaced by a new import regime. Control bodies working in third countries will then be directly authorised and monitored by the European Commission and the Member States.
Products may only be marked as “organic” if at least 95% of their agricultural ingredients are organic. Organic ingredients in non-organic food may be listed as organic in the list of ingredients, as long as this food has been produced in accordance with the organic legislation. The use of genetically modified organisms (GMO) and of products manufactured from GMOs is still prohibited in organic production.
The Organic Regulation also contains the list of products permitted in organic farming, minimum requirements on the size of housing and exercise areas for animals, non-organic ingredients, additives and processing aids permitted in organic food production, etc. The Commission Regulation (EU) No 271/2010 has also established a new logo for organic food, which has been applicable since 1 July 2010.